To become a fully certified teacher in a public school, you need to graduate from an approved teacher preparation program (TPP). TPPs arm you with the skills and knowledge to teach in your chosen grade and subject. Not all TPPs are the same, though.
Let’s break it down and find the right next step for you, whether it's working with students in a volunteer or paid role or choosing a prep program.
How to Pick a TPP
Everyone seems to agree: The more hands-on, pre-service experience in the classroom—where you observe and practice with an effective teacher who gives you helpful feedback—the better.
Why is this important?
Common sense says practice helps, and the data agrees. In a 2017 survey of Dallas-Fort Worth teachers, teachers with pre-service experience as a part of their preparation program were 16 percent more likely to say they felt prepared for their first year in the classroom.
Experienced teachers also said that the opportunity to observe other teachers and practice teaching were important for success as a first-year teacher.
What can this look like?
Pre-service, hands-on experience can come in a variety of forms.
In traditional undergraduate or masters programs, it looks like one or two semesters of working full-time in an experienced teacher’s classroom (this is usually called student teaching) during your final year. Before that, you may observe classrooms in person and deliver instruction through virtual reality.
Some alternative certification programs offer several weeks of pre-service practice with an experienced teacher during summer school, and some will allow you to do a semester of student teaching while enrolled.
Residency programs usually offer a full year of pre-service teaching experience, where you may have some practice in the summer and then a "clinical year" embedded in a school.
Heads Up: Several alternative programs have "internship" components. This can sound like pre-service experience, but it is just the term for your first year as the primary adult in the classroom before the program has recommended you to receive your certification. Some programs will have pre-service experience before this internship year—just make sure you understand the program components.
As a general rule of thumb, more pre-service experience is better, but quality definitely matters. Make sure to ask any prospective programs about what the pre-service experience includes, how they select any mentor teachers, and how you will receive feedback on your practice.
4 Ways to Complete Your Teacher Training
- Complete your educator preparation program as part of earning your bachelor’s degree, reducing total cost and time.
- Great for individuals who decide in high school or early in college that they want to become a teacher.
Not All Programs Offer Everything
Double-check that your program:
- Is approved in Texas.
- Offers a credential in the grade and subject you want to teach. (Check out Getting Certified to search for yours.)
- (Optional) Is accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP).
Enter your email to get the updates that matter.
- Career insights.
- Teacher spotlights.
- Think pieces on the state of education.
- Deadline reminders.
You can always customize what and when you hear from us.